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5 Key Topics Taught as Part of the MCA Program

/5 Key Topics Taught as Part of the MCA Program
mca distance education in India

Importance of a master of computer application course

An MCA course is done post completing the BCA. The master of computer application is a three years professional degree course in computer science. It usually comprises of six semesters. This course was designed in order to cope up with the increasing demand for qualified personnel in the field of information technology.  The MCA focuses on the development of computer applications and it involves latest programming languages essential for the development of better tools and improved applications.

In MCA, some of the concepts that are taught to the students include:

  • C language
  • C++
  • Visual Basic
  • Oracle
  • Java
  • AI (Artificial Intelligence)
  • Networking

Top 5 computer application programs while studying master of computer application

While pursuing an MCA course, the following top five development languages will be taught:

C language:

This is considered as the procedural language. It was developed somewhere between 1969 and 1973. This language is basically for developing operating systems (OS) for computers. The reasons why this tool is popular is because of the following:

  • Doesn’t use too much of memory space.
  • The set of keywords is very simple.
  • It is a structured language and is pretty easy to learn.
  • The programs developed using C have been found to be very efficient till date.
  • This language also enables handling of low level activities.
  • The codes of C can run as fast as the assembly language code.


C++ is a free form and an intermediate level programming language used for general purpose programming. It is based on C. Many games, systems and browsers have been developed using C++. Thus, C++ also happens to be one of the most popular programming languages. A lot of popular applications like Adobe Photoshop, Illustrator and Design have been developed using this language. One of the biggest ecommerce sites  – Amazon has been built using C++. The Autodesk products for Computer Aided Design has also been developed using this tool. Even, Facebook has been developed using this powerful language.

Visual Basic

Though this language was a standalone one and was used for developing GUI (Graphic User Interphase) applications, it was used to develop other programs as well. The MS Office pack comprising of Word, Excel, Power point and Access has been developed using Visual Basic. This program is considered a powerful programming tool and has become even more effective by using the .NET framework.


Java happens to be one of the most popular programming languages used till date for the development of web applications. The main advantage is flexibility that allows programmers to develop applications compatible with almost any machine. Currently, billions of computers, laptops and mobile phones run Java all over the world. Almost all the courses of master of computer application have this in the syllabus.

AI – Artificial Intelligence:

It is a way of making a machine or a program think intelligently almost in a way a human would think. The objective of this program is to develop applications that can think, understand and behave like humans.

Specializations in master of computer application

The specialization programs of an MCA include:

  • System Management or Development (including Engineering).
  • Application Software.
  • Internet Application.
  • Software Development.
  • Hardware Technology.

Future prospect for a master of computer application personnel

The career opportunities for those completing master of computer application are many. They could be employed as Software Engineers or Analysts or Consultants.