69% of jobs in India are at risk due to a lack of critical thinking, appropriate skills, and problem-solving abilities.
To minimize this impact, the Indian government decided to target the root of the problem that is augmenting the Education system of India.
The government came up with The New Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020). The Union Cabinet of India took a big step on 29 July 2020 and decided to implement the new National Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020) which outlines the vision of a new education framework in India.
Indian government understands there’s a gap between the skills required as per the industry standard are not been met by the current academic course. Few steps towards the development of Higher Education System Opening Gates for Foreign Universities According to NEP 2020, “World’s Top 100 universities” can now set up their campuses in India.
NEP says, “A legislative framework facilitating such entry (of foreign universities) will be put in place, and such universities will be given special privilege regarding regulatory, governance, and content norms at par with other autonomous institutions of India.”
The biggest advantage of opening the gates for foreign universities is that students will now be reluctant to move outside of the country for better education. Students will be able to get better quality of education.
This also creates opportunities to learn and enhance skills that will, in turn, benefit Indian Education System. The shift in the format of the Undergraduate Program An essential change that NEP 2020 needs to bring is multidisciplinary and vocational education, something that would give understudies the vital viable information to land jobs once they complete their education.
NEP proposes a 4-year multi-disciplinary college education in an undergrad program with multiple exit choices. These will incorporate vocational and professional territories and will be executed as follows:
The research will be of prime focus now alongside multidisciplinary education to bring in more cohesiveness in the way the different branches work in academia. NEP also scraps MPhil, which helps students who want to complete their Ph.D.
“Broad And Flexible Learning”
This policy allows the students to choose vocational subjects of their choice so that the student can have an overall development.
For example, “There’s a trend: Engineering students end up becoming entrepreneurs. This policy now allows them to elect engineering subjects as well as business subjects such as Finance and Marketing” Standalone Higher Institutions such as IIT’s which offer education in only one field such as Engineering will be evolved into multidisciplinary institutes by 2030.
Establishment of Single Regulating Body
NEP 2020 proposes a single regulatory body for higher educational institutions in India. The Higher Education Council of India (HECI) would have four verticals for its different roles.
The principal vertical – National Higher Education Regulatory Council (NHERC) – will work as the normal, single-point controller for the higher education area including teacher education.
The second vertical – National Accreditation Council (NAC), a ‘meta-authorizing body’ – will be founded principally on fundamental standards, public self-disclosure, good governance, and results. It will be carried out by independent accrediting institutions supervised and regulated by NAC.
The third vertical of HECI, the Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC), will look into the funding and financing of colleges and universities
The fourth vertical will be the General Education Council (GEC), which will frame expected learning outcomes for higher education programs, also referred to as ‘graduate attributes.
The functioning of all the verticals and the general self-governing umbrella body HECI will be based on transparent public disclosure, and use technology to reduce the human interface to guarantee proficiency and transparency in their work.